Hundreds of people were already reported dead by the time the tsunami struck. One ship, Canelos , starting at the mouth of Valdivia River , sank after being moved 1.
A number of Spanish-colonial fortifications were completely destroyed. Extensive areas of the city were flooded.
The electricity and water systems of Valdivia were totally destroyed. Witnesses reported underground water flowing up through the soil.
Despite the heavy rains of 21 May, the city was without a water supply. The river turned brown with sediment from landslides and was full of floating debris, including entire houses.
The earthquake did not strike all the territory with the same strength; measured with the Mercalli scale, tectonically depressed areas suffered heavier damage.
The two most affected areas were Valdivia and Puerto Octay , near the northwest corner of Llanquihue Lake. Puerto Octay was the center of a north-south elliptical area in the Central Valley , where the intensity was at the highest outside the Valdivia Basin.
Other volcanoes may also have erupted, but none were recorded due to the lack of communication in Chile at the time.
The earthquake was a megathrust earthquake resulting from the release of mechanical stress between the subducting Nazca Plate and the South American Plate , on the Peru—Chile Trench.
Subduction zones are known to produce the strongest earthquakes on earth, as their particular structure allows more stress to build up before energy is released.
Geophysicists consider it a matter of time before this earthquake will be surpassed in magnitude by another. Rupture velocity, the speed at which a rupture front expands across the surface of the fault, has been estimated as 3.
Across southern Chile the tsunami caused huge loss of life, damage to port infrastructure and the loss of many small boats.
Further north, the port of Talcahuano did not suffer any major damage, only some flooding. Some tugboats and small sailboats were stranded on Rocuant Island near Talcahuano.
A carabinero police boat, Gloria , was towing a few of these boats when the second earthquake struck on 22 May. The stranded boat was wrecked when a tsunami wave came engulfing it.
Canelos was anchored at Corral and filling a cargo of wood and other products destined to northern Chile when the quake struck. The engine of Canelos was warmed up after the earthquake.
After hours of drifting around in Corral Bay and Valdivia River the ship was wrecked and subsequently abandoned by its crew at Two men on board of Canelos died in the incident.
As of the remnants of Canelos were still visible. Santiago , another ship anchored at Corral at the time of the quake, managed to leave Corral in a bad state but was wrecked off the coast of Mocha Island on 24 May.
La Milagrosa was battered by the currents and waves of the tsunami for four days while moving south. Outside Corral the crew rescued six nearly unconscious and dehydrated children on board two boats.
The boats found were used to navigate in Valdivia River and Corral Bay but had drifted into the high sea. At the coastal town of Queule a carabinero reported hundreds of people to be dead or missing some days after the tsunami.
Historians Yoselin Jaramillo and Ismael Basso report that people in Queule decades later know about 50 people to have died because of the earthquake and tsunami.
The earthquake triggered numerous landslides , mainly in the steep glacial valleys of the southern Andes. Some of these areas remain sparsely vegetated while others have naturally developed more or less pure stands of Nothofagus dombeyi.
While most landslides clustered around north-south strips in the Andes, other areas that were affected by a large numbers of earthquakes were the coast, mainly the foot of the Chilean Coast Range , and the shores of Llanquihue Lake.
A seiche of more than 1 meter was observed on Panguipulli Lake following the earthquake. The wave, most likely produced by an earthquake-triggered sediment slide at the lake bottom, killed two people and destroyed a pier in San Carlos de Bariloche city.
This potential disaster would have violently flooded all the settlements along the course of the river in less than five hours, with more dire consequences if the dam suddenly broke.
About , people lived in the affected zone. The eruption fed a 5. These vents produced an output of about 0. The eruption ended on 22 July. As a result of an evacuation plan there are no reported human deaths associated with the eruption.
The levels of material damage were relatively low given the high magnitude of the earthquake. Part of the reason behind this was the limited infrastructure development of the region next to the rupture zone.
It has been estimated that about 40 percent of the houses in Valdivia were destroyed, leaving 20, people homeless. Traditional wooden houses fared better; although many were uninhabitable if they did not collapse.
Houses built upon elevated areas suffered considerably less damage compared to those on the lowlands, which absorbed great amounts of energy.
Many city blocks with destroyed buildings in the city center remained empty until the s and s, with some of them still used as parking lots.
Before the earthquake, some of these blocks had modern concrete buildings built after the Great Valdivia fire of In terms of urban development, Valdivia suffered the loss of the minor but significant Cau-Cau bridge, a bridge that has not been rebuilt.
The other bridges suffered only minor damage. Land subsidence in Corral Bay improved navigability as shoal banks, produced earlier by sediments from Madre de Dios and other nearby gold mines, sank and were compacted.
The United States quickly set up a field hospital following the earthquake. The earthquakes damaged an area that had suffered a long period of economic decline, which began with shifts in trade routes, due to the expansion of railroads in southern Chile and the opening of the Panama Canal in Unlike Valdivia, Osorno was saved from major destruction.
In Osorno only about 20 houses were totally destroyed, although many firewalls and chimneys collapsed. Puerto Montt , a major city today, had in the early s about 49, inhabitants.
The tsunami that struck the coast of southern Chile destroyed seaside farms, killing numerous livestock and people. As a result of the earthquake, an international technological cooperation programme was established in the dairy sector.
The economy of the coastal town of Queule had during the s developed significantly. Its economy based on fishing, agriculture and industry had grown.
Queule was connected by road in to the rest of the country and the town had developed into a balneario. This era of prosperity ended with the earthquake.
Boren nds ; Категория: Родени през година bg ; Categorie: Lair jv ; Категори: Sinh vi ; Категория: Чужисны воын kv ; Kategorija: Geboortes in af ; Category: Geboren de ; Категори: Бинарш шарахь ce ; Category: Vuonna syntyneet fi ; Kategori: Gebore pdc ; Kategoria: Kelahiran id ; Kategoria: Nati nel it ; Kategori: Homes kel naskad ye nov ; Kategooria: Rojeni leta sl ; Kategorya: Родени во година mk ; Kategorie: Geboren bar ; Kaarangay: Mga natawo han war ; Jamii: Persoan berne yn fy ; Katiguriya: Paqarisqa qu ; Категория: Kategorija sh ; Wikimedia-Kategorie stq ; Wikimedia: Subcategories This category has the following subcategories, out of 3, total.
Media in category " births" The following files are in this category, out of total. Alvin Davis Cropped. Andy Slaughter MP Photo.
Anna i Wiktor Bramscy. Anna Rosmus and Mickey Dorsey cropped. Anna Rosmus and Mickey Dorsey. Ardha baddha padma padagriva yoga nidra asana.
Azize kabouche paris a.
Gebuer lb ; Kategori: Boren nds ; Категория: Родени през година bg ; Categorie: Lair jv ; Категори: Sinh vi ; Категория: Чужисны воын kv ; Kategorija: Geboortes in af ; Category: Geboren de ; Категори: Бинарш шарахь ce ; Category: Vuonna syntyneet fi ; Kategori: Gebore pdc ; Kategoria: Kelahiran id ; Kategoria: Nati nel it ; Kategori: Homes kel naskad ye nov ; Kategooria: Rojeni leta sl ; Kategorya: Родени во година mk ; Kategorie: Geboren bar ; Kaarangay: Mga natawo han war ; Jamii: Persoan berne yn fy ; Katiguriya: Paqarisqa qu ; Категория: Kategorija sh ; Wikimedia-Kategorie stq ; Wikimedia: Subcategories This category has the following subcategories, out of 3, total.
Media in category " births" The following files are in this category, out of total. Alvin Davis Cropped. Andy Slaughter MP Photo. Anna i Wiktor Bramscy.
Anna Rosmus and Mickey Dorsey cropped. Anna Rosmus and Mickey Dorsey. Ardha baddha padma padagriva yoga nidra asana. It was won by the Soviet Union , who beat Yugoslavia 2—1 in Paris after extra time.
The tournament was a knockout competition; just 17 teams entered with some notable absences, West Germany , Italy and England among them.
The teams would play home-and-away matches until the semi-finals; the final four teams would then move on to the final tournament, whose host was selected after the teams became known.
Spain were disqualified and, accordingly, three of the final four teams were from communist countries: In the semi-finals, the Soviets made easy work of the Czechoslovaks in Marseille , beating them 3—0.
The other match saw a nine-goal thriller as Yugoslavia came on top 5—4 after coming back from a two-goal deficit twice. Czechoslovakia beat the demoralized French 2—0 for third place.
In the final, Yugoslavia scored first, but the Soviet Union, led by legendary goalkeeper Lev Yashin , equalized in the 49th minute.
After 90 minutes the score was 1—1, and Viktor Ponedelnik scored with seven minutes left in extra time to give the Soviets the inaugural European Championship.
In all matches but the final, extra time and a coin toss were used to decide the winner if necessary. If the final remained level after extra time, a replay would be used to determine the winner.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Parc des Princes , Paris. Lev Yashin leads Soviets to glory in France".
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